Sunday, May 27, 2012

Why do Filpinos never forget Memorial Day?




Filipino Veterans. One reason Memorial Day is celebrated. 
Memorial Day isn’t just exclusively celebrated and given relevance in the United States. It certainly is being given importance in Southeast Asia, particularly, in the Philippines. With the numerous Filipino soldiers taking part in the allied forces with the “GI Joes” and making and leaving a great impact in the region, in the country in particular, Memorial Day is fondly remembered.
With the aid of the millions of Filipino war veterans, including my grandfather, American soldiers played a major role in liberating the country from the Japanese occupation during World War II. Quite different from the image other Asians are given to American troops, Filipinos welcome and consider them friends and allies. Though Memorial Day is commemorated in Southeast Asia, there is nothing like the way Filipinos look back to it, being directly a part of that sad event in the past.
The American Cemetery in Taguig.


As a proof of how much connection we Filipinos have with the Memorial Day, the American Cemetery in Taguig serves as the resting place of about 17, 000 American and allied military personnel who defended the Pacific in the war. It is one of the largest overseas cemeteries for US War Veterans second to Normandy American Cemetery in France, but is the largest in terms of the number of graves.  The dead and the missing are also honored here with the grand cemetery’s ground, marble hemicycles, and the chapel that houses the graves of the honored dead and the names of the missing.
The Philippines also served as the site of the infamous Bataan Death March. It is here where 75,000 defeated U.S. and allied servicemen were force-marched by their Japanese captors sixty miles across unforgiving terrain.

Filipino WW2 veterans salute during the flag ceremony.

WW2 Veteran holds the message of how different they are treated with those based in the US.  For years, many has been struggling to get what the American government has promised. 
The poignant words of soldier-poet Lt. Henry G. Lee echo back to us from those dark days when the Japanese held the Pacific and the Americans were on the run; his poem "Death March" tells of the horrors he saw along the way:
So you are dead. The easy words contain
No sense of loss, no sorrow, no despair.
Thus hunger, thirst, fatigue, combines to drain
All feeling from our hearts. The endless glare,
The brutal heat, anesthetize the mind.
I can not mourn you now. I lift my load,
The suffering column moves. I leave behind
Only another corpse, beside the road.
Lee did not see the end of the war - he died aboard a ship headed to Taiwan. His compatriots in the Pacific war are buried (or commemorated) in the largest American cemetery dedicated to the casualties of World War II, the Manila American Cemetery.

The luckier ones.  Filipino WW2 Veterans in the US.
To my grandfather who risked his life to defend this country, we love you! Though you are closer to The Creator, we want you to know how much we appreciate you. You took part in something to ensure the freedom of the Filipinos who succeeded your generation.  The Memorial Day isn’t exclusive to the US, there are many Filipinos who died and sacrificed so much during the war.  I hope we find some time to commemorate their heroic acts.

Education in the Philippines


A Term Paper 
by Paula Rica Agreda

Demonstrators express their views on an education rally in the streets of Manila.

Introduction:
            Everyone knows that Education is the source of our knowledge, which can lead us to success. It is one of the important things in one’s life. It helps a lot to the person who engaged or deals with it. It can be a pattern or way to success. It makes us more responsible person. More than just what we expected. There is a biggest thing which we should prioritized with education, to find a better a job which will give us plenty of money to sustain the need of our family and to give them the right virtue and availability of theirs must priority needs. It’s the process that will lead us to learn more new things in life.
            We have seen many young people in the street, in the society or in the community which some called as “TAMBAY”. Some them didn’t went up college or even high school degree of learning. Some of them are only influence by their friends or what we call “BARKADA”. There is what we call B.I. or Bad Influence sometimes. But sometimes they are good source that can help us lead to our goal in life. They really don’t know how to face the world with their own hand, for they don’t have enough knowledge or capability to do such thing. They only influenced people who are not the same with them but not all of those people who they influenced can be like them. Our government have been finding ways or solution to stop this thing which people made for their own life, even if they know that people could not follow the rules or the way that they made. We know that some Filipino’s are understandable, for they can’t be understood by the government.  Not all Filipino’s can really understand the situation that was facing for the education system of the country. There are people whom we say illiterate but they are not, for they are drop-outs only from school, for they don’t follow the school’s regulation, that’s why they punished from the school and they can’t back until they realized that they are wrong.
            Nowadays, Philippines experience lack of Education. It affects many people in every part of the country. This problem is one of the priorities of the government today. In which, government focuses the education as the main and basic source of knowledge and key to success. They implemented some rule of the law which can help people, but not all the rules are being applied. For this reason, that they are corrupt citizen who escape the budget which is given to DepEd or Department of Education to sustain the needs of the students in school but still there a lot of students that can’t be graduated in their school for they don’t have any explicit amount to do it. Students should able to understand things that were happening in the country, for they are the one who will sacrifice from this situation.
           

Prayer before everything else. Pupils of a rural public school began the day with a prayer.

Body:
I.                   Economic Crisis Development
            According to Ronald Meinardus on his article, the economic development of a nation is a function of the quality of its education. In other words: the more and better educated a people the greater the chances of economic development.
            Some Filipino person’s doesn’t know how education affects the economy of the country. On the other hand, most of them are illiterate person that didn’t go up to school. And others are drop-outs from their school. It’s because of their attitudes that cannot be understood by the faculty and staff of that institution. Young persons who are innocent on what they are doing and don’t know that their breaking the rule of law are the illiterate person. We can’t deny that Filipino’s are illiterate, that’s why we are facing an economy that was poor enough to sustain the needs of its people. We are now in the poverty life, were the Filipinos are poorer than the poor, as what other say.
            Tourists are people who made the Philippines economy more develop and progressive like what is it, right now. They are only the persons which can lead the country to its economic growth. If less tourists will went to the country to visit its native land, because if illiteracy of people, then, our country will failed to build structures that can be made the country progressive by the other country. When they are only few structures that can be made, few Filipino’s only will be given the chances to have works that can be needed and suit of them. They will suffer a lot for their own sake, for they don’t have been educated since then of their life. They don’t know to look at the reality for they can’t have their work, even they know the situation but still they don’t make some scenes to stop it. People that don’t get work must be suffering a lot, for their life. The income of the government will become lesser and lesser, for the reason that there are only few people that can have tax as they work and pay for it. And the economy will be endangered for its economic growth compare to other county.
            The economy can be sustained if there is no person who have a naughty hand and escape the budget money. We know how government handle it, but still the corrupt person are there staring and watching over them on what they are doing and where it is stored.


For Sale? Students demonstrate against what they call to be a commercially designed educational system.

II.                Poverty
            Most Filipino thinks that one of the effects of lack of education is poverty. Poverty is a term for the poor people in one’s country. It became the source of being poor of some person and also the reason for them to strive hard for life. However, there are still some persons that can’t control themselves or even balance their own life to do what it is right, to control the rate of poverty in the country.
            Philippines are one of the Asian countries which do have many poverty people. It was based on the news stated by the televisions. For this reason the people can’t go up to school, for they don’t have enough money to sustain their learning, to be educated. Most of them are just an “isang kahig, isang tuka” persons, who only have money for food but not for education, even a small amount, for they know that they will they die because of hungriness not because of lack of education. They are only thinking for their own life and they even don’t think about the economic issues on their native land. It’s true but it’s sad. For others that don’t know it, we have only few workers who stayed in the country to find job, but more workers outside of it that finding their jobs. Even we can say that we help the country government but still we suffer our family for they are afraid on what is your life abroad. They are the first person who worried for your own sake; even we say that it’s for the better only and for their everyday needs. We can’t lose our family. For us, Filipinos are sweet, loving and caring person. We are not contented on what we are right now, yet we still strive hard for we know that there still the best more than the better, if you only know the life.
            There are many person went abroad even if they don’t have a degree of learning, just to give the need of their family and to help them. Every now and then, OFW (Overseas Filipino Workers) increasing its rate. Many of them are just graduated from high school but went abroad no matter what happened to them. It has a lot people suffer from losing their relatives, for they don’t want them to be in danger. If they only have education exactly what is needed by them, then it’s the right reason to say for Filipino’s that they don’t need to go up abroad.
            All we know, wherever we go that education affect us and also it has many effect which will lead us to obtain and don’t be afraid but stand for it. We can handle it if we want it to be arranged in our life. It’s true that poverty is not a hindrance to success, if people only want it in your life and to strive hard.

Eyes of the child. Pupils in a typical public classroom in a poorer area of the country. 

III.             Street Children
            There are a lot of street children that roaming around in the country. It feels like that they are pitiful people but then after we gave them money they buy it for cigarettes. For this reason, we can say that we need education for the youth who are on the street begging for food. They are persons that we should focus enough for they have the chances of being educated person. They have been finding houses to be their home, but sad to say they can’t do it. For some people they are just an idiot kind of person. They don’t know to strive hard to survive, even if there are many opportunities, still they are the one that don’t be part of it, for they already have a down feeling. They don’t want to be guided by some persons, for they know that what they are doing is right, but for the reality, it’s wrong and they don’t know that there breaking the law of the government. That’s why they are arrested, if they stayed in a place that not for them. We can say that we want them to be guided but then we can’t.
            From Manila Bulletin, they are in the streets, in high-risk but low paying jobs. Wherever they are, or whatever they do, they are prone to all forms of human trafficking and exploitation.
            People who are prone to it are the people who even don’t know the test of the life or don’t know what they are doing. They just want it, for they need job but they don’t know on what they are involved in even if it’s good or bad for them. They don’t want that’s kind of life, still it came for they illiterate person. People only look them, as if they are not a human but an animal. For they can be a victim in only one blinked of an eye, for they don’t know what people do to them, they just follow it, for they only know that is for money and not for bad things. Some of them are only encouraged by their neighbourhoods to gain money for their family but they don’t know that a job they will going to, is not really a job but an illegal job which can lead their life to danger.
            Government can’t imagine that there are still many street children, even though they have department that handled this, it’s the DSWD (Department of Social Welfare and Development). If the government can’t handle this, then many people suffer a lot without them knowing, for they are only just illiterate. They are been under estimating by some, for they don’t open there capacity as well-being. Some person’s only feel that they can’t be good, as if they do, but they can if they can be teach or influence in a good road way of life. If only people will want to teach them and to open their capability in facing the real meaning of life.
            People should know that there are many who needed by their capability, for even they are illiterate they can do more than what other can do, but still they can do it if they don’t have education.
            Professional is still doing things which can encourage people to study new things and explore their mind; even they are people in the street. They can be a prioritized citizen of the county, only if they do bad things more than good things, for we know that only bad person are seen by the government but not good makers.

Technological upgrade. A pupil taking advantage of the computer program for public schools. (Globe Telecom)

Conclusion:
            From Nicholian’s paper article, it is only through education that we can see life in different perspective which can lead us to a lot of opportunities to change our lives to the better.
            Right now, we can state that education is still the key to the success of person, without it we can’t be successful in life. We can only strive hard but still it’s not enough to do it. Most of us need it, just to tell the world that they are educated person that they are not illiterate. For others they used this as a weapon in any trials they encounter in their whole being.
            We are the only person that controls this situation of life, for we owned our own self and we are not control by other people. We are the one who care for our life and also we know to manage it, for we are in it. The person’s life is their control of obligation which they know to handle with care for it is the one who can make them at the top of the crowd.
            Open Your Eyes. Blinked as many as you can and remember to Love Education. To strive hard. Do anything just to develop you and be educated. Don’t be like other people don’t know about the world and face the struggles of life.

Bibliography:
            Gamolo, Nora O. “Basic Education Reform”. Manila Bulletin. July 29, 2007. 102.
  Santos, Emmanuel T., Ph. D. “Education & Economic dev’t”. Manila Bulletin. July 29, 2007. 11.
“Education: Changes Lives”. The Nicholians. March 2010. 2.
Pendon, Lydia C. “Education is best weapon against Climate Change”. The Daily Guardian. January 7, 2011. 2.
“Education is the best equalizer”. Manila Bulletin. January 27, 2011. 2.
Meinardus, Ronald. “The Crisis of Public Education in the Philippines”. www.fnf.org.ph. June 30, 2003. March 18, 2011.  www.fnf.org.ph/liberalopinion/crisis-public-education-philippines.htm



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Human Trafficking in the Philippines


A Term Paper by

Miraluna Montero
Human trafficking: Treating people like goods.
INTRODUCTION:

The Philippines right now is facing a problems, one of those is the human trafficking, Where we can hear in the radio, television, and we can read in the news papers. Some of the reason why people get victimized of human trafficking is because of poverty and lack of education. But sometimes some parents thought to sell their own child to earn money to finance or support the rest or their children. The victims of human trafficking are those innocent child, who can’t able to protect themselves from people that can able to abuse them by being forced to work even though they don’t afford to do. Especially teenage girls that been forced to work like prostitution and work heavily without salary. According to Mr. Arnel Ladate , the president of Iloilo SUMAPI org. (samahan at ugnayan ng mga manggagawan pantahana sa pilipinas} There’s a lot of victims of human trafficking mostly are those minor’s who just wanted to work to help their family. The rather work instead of studying, in their early age or those below 18 year of age because they feel ashamed to there situation as poor. Those children are usually a victims of illegal recruiter who offered to them such a good salary in manila or outside in our country or across the border. According to him one of their client victims of illegal recruiters, recovered at (PPA) half way house center operate with visayan forum foundation.


According to the victim, a recruiter said that they will work in the restaurant, since they was only 16 to 17 year old and still minors, the recruiter made their fake documents for them to work and also for them to reach the place where they work as restaurant workers. But when the reached the place they just realized that they already sold in the casa or a house of prostitution. And a lot more as what i heard and saw in the TV news before about some forms of human trafficking such as the street children who forced to be begged in the street, selling illegal drugs and sometimes they are victim of kidnapping and sold their parts of human organs such as kidneys etc. according to Visayans forum foundation their org. they joined civil society groups in celebrating "A Dayagainst Child Trafficking" on December 12, 2003 at Intramuros, Manila. The celebration's objective was to raise public awareness on the issue of child trafficking and mobilize public support for the prevention and suppression of the growing global menace. Visayan Forum December 17, 2003: Batangas Validation Workshop Batangas Parish Pastoral Center conducted focuses on Trafficking at the Batangas Port. The participants of the workshop included various partners of VF Batangas. Among them were government agencies, non-governmental organizations and members of the academe. The objectives of the workshop were to validate the results and findings of the research and to propose changes and give recommendations for future studies. November 18 to 19, 2003: National Training Seminar on Trafficking among Shipping CompaniesGrand Boulevard Hotel. The participants were members of various shipping companies based in Manila and other provinces. The objectives of the seminar were to raise the awareness of shipping companies on issues of trafficking, the urgency of the problem, and existing legal environment and initiatives to combat trafficking. More importantly, the training served as a venue for the formulation of mechanisms for effective, concerted, and coordinated actions in the fight against trafficking.




Behind the wire. A big crowd of human trafficking victims  look behind wire serving as their cell.

BODY:

The definition of Human Trafficking According to Anti- Trafficking in Person Act of 2003 (R.A. NO. 9208) An Act to Institute Policies to Eliminate Trafficking in Person especially Women and children. Trafficking of children is a form of Human Trafficking. It is defined as recruitment,selling or illegal transportation,transfer,harboring, or receiving of persons with or without the victims consent or knowledge of children, within or across national borders by means of threat or use of force for the purpose of exploitation,or other form of coercion,abduction,fraud,deception,abuse of power, or, the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to the consent of a person having control over other person for the purpose of exploitation of which includes at a minimum, are considered to be crimes of violence against children. the sexual exploitation,or prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation forced labor or services,slavery,servitude or the removal or sale of organs. They says that when the a child is a forced to work for the purpose of exploitation shall considered as a human trafficking or “trafficking in persons” even if it does not involve to above mentioned. According to this act, child refers to a person below eighteen (18) years of age or one who is over 18 but is unable to fully take care of or protect himself/herself from abuse, neglect, cruelty, exploitation or discrimination because of a physical or mental disability or condition and even street children who work heavily in the industry or selling drug, begging and sometimes victims of kidnapping to get parts of the children's organs also considered as a victim of human trafficking.


The reasons why people are vulnerable to human trafficking. It’s because of poverty and lack of economic opportunity to make women and children potential victims of traffickers association with international criminal organizations. They are vulnerable to false promises of job opportunities in other countries. Many of those who accept these offers from what appear to legitimate sources find themselves in situations where their documents are destroyed, themselves or their families threatened with harm, or they are bonded a debt that they have no chances to repaying.


While women and children are vulnerable to trafficking for the sex trade ,human trafficking is not limited to sexual exploitation. It also includes persons who are trafficked into “forced” marriage or into bonded labor markers, such as sweat shops,agricultural plantations, or domestic service. Traffickers clandestinely organize their transport operation via different ports and land routes in the Philippines. Interval trafficking is the springboard for international trafficking. Worldwide recruitment relies on intricate processes that start in far-flung communities. Traffickers operate in underground networks with strong connections to corruption public officials and transport operators. Every year, thousands of Filipino women and children are trapped through the cycle of trafficking into a life of slavery, sexual exploitation and human rights violations. According to (IPEC) international programme on the elimination of child labour, the child trafficking beyond the definition according of this act. The last decade of the twentieth century saw an unprecedented level of international concern over the trafficking of human beings, including broad recognition of the links between trafficking and the exploitation of children. Today, the trafficking of children is recognized as a distinct and egregious violation of children’s rights, and comprising one of the worst forms of child labour. People were first to as “traffickers” as early as the mid-sixteenth century, although at that time the label implied neither wrongdoing nor international or across-border movements. By the end of century trafficking had become disassociated from trading and used to sale illicit or disreputable goods.The first international treaty to address trafficking in human beings was the international agreement for the suppression of white slave Traffic (1904) in prostitution patterns, the feminist and gender debate, increased attention of human rights and also children rights. The available date of trafficking of women is not clearly dis-aggregated by age. For example, many reports that majority of coercion into prostitution are between 16 to 24 years of age according to UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention (no.182) and they priorities the policy of programme interventions combat of trafficking of children in the age of 18. The same time, policy and inventions must make clear distinctions between the suppression of trafficking of adults and that of children. in the case of adults, the recognition of the rights to make informed decisions and choices, even if this includes the choice to remain in exploitative situations, will continue to be an issue of debate and has to be considered in programme inventions. In the case of children, the international consensus is to withdraw them from exploitation without delay. Trafficking form other types of activities, in fact, a combination of events that occur at places of origin, transit points destinations, involving potentially both legal and illegal acts.Exploitation, always illegal in international and national laws, may occur at any point in the chain of events that taken together, are recognized trafficking. It may occur example: it the child is misled with false reports or promises, coercion, or otherwise forcibly recruited or handed over the transporters. it may occur when the child is transforted: a child might be told s/he is going to a nearby a big city, only to be moved or a child or family might be charged an exorbitant fee in order to ensure the minimum debt bondage. Trafficking may be said to have taken place when the child is recruited as a dancer but forced into prostitution, or by the withholding of wages or their payment to a third party. It may take from the exploitative or/abusive conditions to which the child is subjected, including physical and mental abuse or confinement, inadequate or non-existent health care, poor Accommodation and hazardous work.

According to ILO work forms of child labour convention (no. 182) it’s specifies the forced labour or services, slavery, or practices is similar to slavery/o/ servitude. Example, when they provided the particular types and characteristics of child trafficking is generally hidden from the public view, so that most statistics are illustrative rather than accurate and existing data is scattered some regions. It is considered a new issue, when the result is not yet fully developed.

When children are relocated and extremely vulnerable, they are separated from their own environment and maybe isolated in illegal situations in unfamiliar places where they are threatened and unable to communicate or assert their rights, so even they are able to seek help, they may not know where to go find help, or how to ask for it.Root causes of child trafficking are occurs because there is a market for children in labour and in the sex trade, and most often from the poor families, who are easy prey for those who seek to make profit be exploiting their vulnerably. And also because of poverty and low level of education and work opportunities of a better life that’s why lots of people got trafficked.

According to manila Philippines- the department of social welfare and Development DSWD is discouraging street children’s from caroling and begging alms along major thoroughfares and roads, especially during the Christmas season, according to DSWD secretary Corazon Soliman , alternative activities will be offered to street children to prevent from caroling and begging. (DSWD) also said that the children and elderly women being on the street are often forced beggars-victims of human trafficking. They are a part of ring with organizational complexity comparable to that of a medium-size business enterprise, adds the another whose latest research is also based on observation of the operation of begging traffickers. Begging is an element of transnational nature and organize criminal group of familiar forced begging, for example, its difficult to prove as human trafficking when in the same point there is few legal cases are available in an area where the police and the courts should need to do better.


All alike: Victims, young and small crowd in this cell.

In just this year 2010 to 2011 worst forms of child trafficking happens. A month ago, i saw a picture of a dead child in (FB) who is a victims of kidnapping at Malabon City Philippines, and according to Blogphilippines, they spreading the information to keep us up and be aware and keep our children safe, they posted that picture about what happening around us, because sometimes we don’t know where can we be safe. Those news was also been talked about, and one of the topic of Mr. Ted Failon in his show that one kid was been killed by kidnappers and it was found dead and no more internal parts of organs. They are such a demons!

So in that news, adults should guard and take good care of their young ones to avoid being the next victims of those kidnappers. Kidnappers sold those internal parts of organs to hospital and earn huge of money from it.

To prevent to be a victim of human trafficking, we should aware of difference between legal and illegal recruitment. Some of the signs of illegal recruitment- allowing the job seeker to work even he/she is underage, rewriting of birth certificate, instructing to the laborer not to talk with other people when traveling and they pretend that they are reliable or kin and just to visit with other members of family. Knowledge to such problem is they key to avoid this problem. The crew or officers assigned in airport, pier, and other department of government-school DSWD, PNP and etc. must be aware of the said problem. The most effective way is to educate family in urban or rural area.


CONCLUSION:


Those reports that i took from different books including human trafficking are given me more knowledge together of what I know about human trafficking. and has attempted to bring us more awareness into trafficking of children, minors, or even adults that a victims of poverty and lock of education and learn from their experiences example of what has been happens to them and how ashamed to those victims especially children. It is clear that not only in the Philippines but worldwide has a human trafficking and its even getting worst. This work is just beginning if we don’t be aware . It’s important to continue to explore about this issue to make people aware to those mentioned problem and we should share information about this and learn lessons from those victims statements in order to protect ourselves from exploitation and from being abuse.



BIBLIOGRAPHY:


Santa Maria, A, S, Zantua.M.J. and Chiongson. R.A; international Trafficking in children for the worst forms of child labour, final report, C., (Manila ,ILO-IPEC.2001)

UNICEF and AusAID; commercial sexual exploitation of children in Philippines; situational Analysis, (Manila, 1998) Anti-Slavery International Trafficking, Ahuman Rights Approach in reporter, April 2001

Robidillo L,S; Child Trafficking and the children rights june 1994. DSWD moves to help begging street kids/manila bulletin news papers…December,2, 2010

http//blogphilippines.com/2011/03/about kidnapping of children in Malabon.html

Mr. Arnel Ladate, President of(Samahan at Ugnayan ng mga Manggagawang SUMAPI org, together with, Visayan Forum Foundation,

PPA, half way house center

http://www.visayanforum.org/misc/laws.html
www.visayanforum.org/misc/calendar_activities.html for more information.



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Friday, May 25, 2012

Facebook Camera: Another addition to what is already huge

Image from itunes.apple.com
Facebook camera is the newest surprised from Facebook. This was after Mark Zuckerberg’s wedding to Priscilla Chan, the celebrated acquisition of a popular photo application, Instagram, and introduction to IPO. Now, it has gotten even bigger. 

A lightweight photo manager, Facebook camera gives users the opportunity to experience a centralized spot that stores and make one browse photos of friends on the social network.

Dirk Scoop said that when launched, Facebook camera can let one see a feed of photos from people who matters to them. Facebook users can swipe to see what’s more in the album or just simply tap to zoom an individual photo.

The newest application enables one to share a multitude of photos at once. Similar with its mobile application, Facebook camera is leaner and thus makes photo browsing much easier.

What adds to an already interesting idea is that Facebook camera exhibits Instagram-like features like rotate, zoom or crop.

The application backs up Facebook’s mobile design with large images spread across the screen with its “Post Photos” icon. This, however, isn’t as feature rich as for photo sharing and editing applications like Adobe Photoshop Express or Camera Awesome. Nevertheless, it is expected to be of wide usage among Facebook users who constantly upload photos to Facebook.

The Facebook Camera application is available, momentarily, for iPhone users only.

Wednesday, May 23, 2012

The Role of Information Technology in the Society

A Term Paper by Ma. Eula Espanola




Information Technology connects the world and makes everything possible.



INTRODUCTION:



The dawn of a new age- the Information age-glows before us with the promise of a new ways of thinking, living and working. Amount t of information in the world is said to be doubling of every six to seven years. Can we keep up? We can but not without an understanding of how computers work and the ability to control for our own purposes.

Computers have moved into every nook and cranny of our daily lives. Where or not you personally know anything about it, you invoke computers when you make a bank withdrawal, buy groceries at the supermarket and even drive your car. But you will have a computer at your personal disposal. The answer today is “probably”. Almost any career in your future will involve a computer in some way.

We have heard a lot about bridges to the next century. Computer talk the same way, they want to build bridges to technology that users will not be afraid to cross. In fact, a recurring theme is that computers will be more accessible if they disappear. Not disappear altogether, of course, just be transferred from today’s duty, putty- colored boxes into computers so on obtrusive that they are not noticed. An example from today’s technology is the computer that manages a car’s antilock braking system without even knowing that a computer is part of the action. The future is already in sight. Soon workers will wonder how today’s mute passive boxes were ever called computers. Already some personal computers or terminals looked up to bigger machines, can talk, listen, and display live images. No computers are an island .They can call can one another send faxes, mail and messages. People who cannot leave along- they may even wear them one day. It seems to be the fate of the computers to move into the background –and to be everywhere.


BODY:

Information technology is technology that merges computers and high speed communications links. The fusion of computers and communications technologies is producing “technological convergence”. The technological merger has several industries through various devices that exchange information in the electronic format used by computers. The industries include computers, communications entertainment, mass media and other fields of information.

The essence of all revolutions, stated philosopher Hannah Arendt, is a start of new story in human experience. For us, the new story may be said to begun in 1991. In that year, according to the one who reported “companies for the first time spent more on computing and communications done on industrial mining farm and construction”. It adds:” InfoTech is now a vital as the air we breathe”. “InfoTech” - information technology. The arrival of information technology having a powerful consequences.

In the recent past, it was not possible to use your television set as a computer or to use as personal computer to watch broadcast TV programs now, however, technologies of television or computer are coming together. It means that, for the common electronic base, information can be communicated in all the ways we want, to receive. These include the familiar media of newspapers, photograph, films, recording, radio and television. However, it can also can be communicated through newer technologies satellite, fiber-optic cable, cellular phone, fox machines, or compact disk for example more important is time goes on the same information may be exchanged among many kinds of equipment, using the language of computers.

Such us:

· The increased need for continuous learning

· Adapting to less well – defined as an information worker”

· The stopped - pace of change

· Exposure to relatively unregulated technical and social information from other cultures via global networks.

Technological convergence is derived from a combination of two recent technologies- computers and communications.

A computers is a programmable, multi use machine that accepts data – raw facts and figures - and processes or manipulates, it into information we can use, such as summaries or totals. Its purpose is to speed up problem solving, and increase productivity.

Communications or telecommunications, technology consists of electromagnetic devices and systems for communicating long distances. The principal examples are telephone, radio, television and cable.

Computer technology and communications technology was developed independently , like rails in a railroad track that never merge. Since then, however, they have gradually fused together, producing a new information environment.

People, data or information, and communications are some common elements of computer and communication system.

People are the most important part and the beneficiaries of a computer and communications system. Professionals and end-users are the common person who uses information technology. People can analyze, develop and improve computer systems. Their assessment needs sometimes faulty, their emotions may also affect their performance, and their perceptions can be too slow. And this can also complicate the operation of a system.

People of all levels and skills, from novices to programmers, are the users and operators of the system. The whole point of the system, of course, is to benefit people.

Though used loosely all the time, the word “data” has some precise and distinct meanings.

Data can be considered as the raw material. Whether in paper, electronic, or other form which is processed by the computer. In other words, data consists of the raw facts and figures that are processed into information.

Communications is defined as the electronic transfer of data from one place to another. Communication become digital, we will see a variety of suppliers, using wired of wireless connections, providing data in digital form: telephone companies, cable-TV services, news and information services, movie and television archives, interactive shopping channels, video catalogs, and more.

Communications or telecommunications has had three important developments. They are better communications channels, better networks, and better sending and receiving devices.

As mentioned, data may be sent by wired or wireless connections. Even more interesting has been the expansion of wireless communication. Now, we have may more kinds of two-way radio, cellular telephone, and paging devices than we had in the past years.

When we heard the word “network”, many of us think of a broadcast network, a group of radio or television broadcasting stations that cut costs by airing the same programs. Here, however, we are concerned with communications networks, which connect one or more telephones or computers or associated devices. Communications networks are crucial to technological convergence, for they allow information to be exchanged electronically.

A communications network may be large or small, private or public, wired or wireless or both. In addition, smaller networks may be connected to large once. For instance, a Local Area Network (LAN) may be used to connect users located near one another, as in the same building.

Part of the excitement about telecommunications in the last decade or so has been the development of new devices or gadgets for sending and receiving information. Two examples are the cellular phone and the fax machine.

You may still hear the sounds of late-night typing in a college residence hall. However, it’s certainly not the smart way to work anymore. Indeed, coping with a typewriter actually detracts from learning. You’re worrying about mistakes and avoiding retyping a whole paper rather than concentrating on educational principles. Using computer to write your papers not only makes life easier, it also opens up new areas of freedom and knowledge and helps prepare you for the future.

Thus, students who come to college with a personal computer as part of their luggage are certainly ahead of the game. If you don’t have one, however, there are other options.

College students use more of the Internet or the World Wide Web for home works and research studies. Most commonly we need online information services. Online information services provide computer users access among other things, bulletin boards; research and news resources; games, entertainment, and clubs; and travel and shopping services.

Intellectual property consists of the products of the human mind. Such property can be protected by copyright, the exclusive legal right that prohibits copying without the permission Internet are useful, especially to college students for research, but then sometimes students forget to use their own knowledge, they just copy and paste things in the computer.

Plagiarism is the expropriation of another writer’s text, findings, or interpretations and presenting it as one’s own. Information technology puts a new face on plagiarism. Info tech helps but it has it’s own limitation most especially to students or people who has no enough knowledge on the thins around them.

Information Technology has had some adverse effects on the environment, including energy consumption and environmental pollution.

As the upgrade merry-go-round continues, as it has since the birth of the computer industry, more and more people are joining the Digital Revolution.

Everyone hopes, of course, that the principal effects of this growth will be beneficial. But you need not be anti-technology to wonder just what negative impact computerization will have. How, for instance, will it affect the environment energy consumption and environmental pollution.

Communities like to see computer manufacturers move to their areas because they are viewed as being nonpolluting. Is this true? Actually, in the past, chemicals used to manufacture semiconductors polluted air, soil and ground water. Today, however, computer makers are literally cleaning up their act.

Smallness in TVs, phones, radios, camcorders, CD players, and computers is now largely taken for granted. In the 1980s portability, or mobility, meant trading off computing power and convenience in return for smaller size and weight. Today, however, we are getting close to the point where we don’t have to give up anything. As a result, experts predict that small, powerful, wireless personal electronic devices will soon transform our lives far more than the personal computer has done so far.

By the end of the decade, expert say that the breed of portable electronics will transform our lives more than the personal computer did during the 1980s. For the truth is that the personal computer didn’t turn out to be personal. It stayed put while its users moved around.

By contrast, the new generation of machines will be truly personal computers, designed for our mobile lives. We will view office video presentations or the homeward train ride, and reply to electronic mail during boring movies on television.

Portability, clearly, will profoundly change the way we live and work, say Richard Shaffer, who writes a newsletter about high-tech developments. “People will soon be able to structure their work around their lives,” he predicts, rather than the reverse.”


CONCLUSION:

In conclusion, we should all be considered about the future because we will have to spend the rest of our lives there.

The future was rapidly becoming present. Technology changes our life. The revolution of technological age system and industries has many names.

The Digital Age, the Information Age, the Age of Convergence., the Interactive Revolution, the Multimedia Revolution, the Information superhighway or “Infobahn” or I-way or Data way.

Whatever it’s called, the revolution is happening in all parts of our society and in all parts of the world, and it’s consequence will revolve throughout our lifetime.

Computer pioneer John Van Neumann once said that the computer should not be called the “computer” but rather the “all-purpose machine”. After all, he pointed out, it is not just a gadget for doing calculations. The most striking thing about it is that it can be put to any number of uses.

More than ever, we are now seeing just how true that is.



BIBLIOGRAPHY

1.) International Student Edition COMPUTERS tools for an Information Age “H.L Capron”
2.) Using Information Technology A practical Introduction to Computers and Communication “Williams Sawyer Hutchinson”
3.) Discovering Computers Thomson Asian Editor “Shelly Cashman Vermaat”




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Poverty in the Philippines

A Term Paper by Leonie Patriarca


Poverty's victim: Children born in an impoverish society suffers more than anyone else.



I.                   INTRODUCTION

God created us to become his good servants and prophets. He gave us knowledge and ability to use in daily life. For how many decades past, the lifestyle of the people change. They become lazy and abusive of what He gives to them. Until the situation turns into worst problem called poverty.
            Poverty is a big problem of each poor. It is the shortage of the basic needs of the people in a state. According to Jose V. Romero Jr. writer of Manila Times,” poverty is the biggest challenge of governing in planning and development.” It can bring many effects which it can harm to our  society.
            Common effects of poverty like insufficient foods and nutrients , unemployment, lack of education and increasing of crime rates are the problems facing our government nowadays . it becomes the big revelation  in MalacaƱang  especially  if we back in the time of Arroyo Administration. Many Filipino’s can’t afford to buy nutrition food. In many own view we all suffer in effects of poverty. But  why most of us cursing our political leaders in this kind of problem? It is true that they are the reason why our country is not progressive? Or we the Filipino’s who are lazy?
            There are” characteristics of a typical poor income Filipino’s household” according to Jose V. Romero Jr. One of this is “having a larger than average of family size”. In this situation the parents can’t sustain well the basic needs of their children. They can’t easily earn for the future of their sons and daughter. Their salaries is enough only for their food, electricity and water bill. Their children can’t continuously study in school to gain knowledge because of financial problem. Sometimes other families can’t eat malnourish and always get sick.
            Most poor minors in Philippines join in robbery gang, snatching, and pick pocketing to get thousands of monies in easy way. Though this, they can buy all the things they want by drugs, they are independent to do such worst crime like killing innocents. That’s why the crime rates in our country is increasing year on year.
            Poverty here in our country are mostly happened in city areas. People lived in squatters and composed of many children. They are surrounded with garbage’s and near from dumpsites. The life of each family is not stable because of situation. In my opinion, they live miserable because they are facing such problems that until now, it has no solution. Children suffer in hungriness because their parents can’t give enough budgets for their food. Thus their body is affected because they are not eating nutritious food that need by the body. They usually get sick and if they did not admit to the doctor, there is possibility that the sick person will die.

Caught in between. A man cooks food between the railways in a poor side of the country.

II.                BODY

            The Vice President and Foreign Affairs Secretary, Teofisto Guinana Jr. delivered at United Nations International Conference on Financing for Development 2002 in Monterrey, Mexico about “the challenge of poverty” here in Philippines. According to his deliberation which I’ve read in Manila Standard “Our land Is rich but the people are poor. Our advance to relative progress was disrupted by the financial crisis in July 1997. More than 30 million have fallen below the threshold of poverty”.
            Due to this uncontrollable poverty there are a lot of Filipino people who don’t have a job. This common effect of poverty is called unemployment.
            Unemployment described as “involuntary idleness on the part of those who have failed to find employment or who have lost their latest job but are able to work and are looking for work”. This definition is according to Dr. Gregorio S. Miranda, author of the book titled Introductory Economics.
            There are “effect of unemployment “which I’ve read in the book titled contemporary social problems and causes which it is authored by Dr. Custodioso A. Sanchez. According to her “ the unemployment  problem is of gave concern because of the  resulting poverty that afflicts the people . physical as well as mental weakness result from malnutrition which appears to be related to poverty and is an accompanying syndrome of unemployment. Apart from the physical deprivation unemployment affords, its morale-destroying effects in the form of hopelessness, family discord and the like becomes inevitable”,
            This kind of problems relates to my neighborhood, they are seven children in their family plus their grandmother. Their parents are both died because of an incident. Since their mom and dad gone, they live like a miserable dog. The eldest daughter is taking care her younger brothers and sisters. Next to her id the eldest son. On his very young age (15 Years old), he decided to become a slave by the others for the sake of his family. He earned   150 pesos to 220 a day. But this kind of job he enters is temporary only. Sometimes, he can’t work for a weeks or months. Thus they suffer in hungriness.  Their grandmother can’t help them to sustain their basic needs because she is too old to work. The eldest sister tried to find permanent job or ever temporary in such restaurants  and fast foods , but she never hired by the manager. For the reason that she is not a high school graduate and she is too young.
            Parents and other graduated students are mostly go abroad. They go to progressive countries to earn more. They left their love one’s to give financial for daily expenses. They will do everything even though that love one’s to give financial for daily expenses. They   do everything even though that their families far from them. For parents, they left their children to their relatives because of poor situation. They have to work both to provide the needs of their family. As a result the child becomes dependent. They are neglected and lack of care and guidance. Their parents work hard for them to provide needs especially in school. But others sons and daughters especially teenagers are prefer to be with their friends instead that they studying. We can found them in disco houses and bars. Some of them join in fraternities and sororities or gang. So, they are influence by their friends through smoking, drinking alcohol and the most is by using drugs.
            Because of these, another problem will be encountered. And it is illiteracy.
            Illiteracy is one of the common effects of poverty. It is the lack ability, knowing and understanding of a person. A man who is illiterate can’t easily socialize to others. They have a self-conscious of they had on their selves.
            Illiteracy here in our country is by large and by large. More and more Filipino students can’t study or can’t afford to their miscellaneous.  Their parents can’t send them in school because of priority expenses such as food, water, and electric bill. The department of education or DEPED surveys that “ the children aged age 7 to 12 who enrolled in public and private elementary school are dropped from 96.95 percent in year 1999-2000 to 83.22 percent in year 2006-2007. In secondary level, students aged 13 to 16 in year 2006-2007 dropped to 58.59 percent from 64.43 percent in year 1999-2000”.
            In fact, our local government together with Department of Education joins forces to help poor and illiterate Filipinos. They do a big responsibility to make their people as a good and educated. They have a scholarship for deserving students. But many Filipinos students didn’t grab the opportunity. They pressure their selves in other things that can make them happy.
            As a result, there some crimes happened here in Philippines brought by illiterate children or even illiterate teenagers. They do not know if what’s right and wrong. They are against in the rules of our government that made for peace. Also, they are lack of knowledge to use for their selves.
            In manila city for example, an elementary school offers a 100 percent scholarship in next school year. It is available for grade three students who have an entrance exam and if the students who wants to avail the scholarship even thought their average is 90 below? Those students who didn’t pass the exam? They have a chance to continue studying in next year? Thus the number of illiterate is increase. Because their parents can’t sustain miscellaneous free or even their basic needs. Their children will grow illiterate and easily influence brought by their friends on its society.
            If a man will aged 18 up and he is illiterate, there a possibility that he will going decide to find a job. But it is hard to him in that decision because it is understood that he is illiterate. So he can’t earn a thousand of money to survive his self in poverty. It is future will become miserable especially if he reach the aged of 60 up. Because no a days, a lot of companies required that all applicants are college graduate. They didn’t allow even college students. And even a university graduate is hard in finding jobs.
            Illiteracy as l read in newspaper is the reason why most Filipinos are jobless. Many children can’t read well and write. Also, people cursing other schools that they are the reason because they didn’t give opportunities to those students who wants to learn.
            Some illiterate children are come from abusive family. They were maltreated by their parents through forcing them to work. Then, their full earnings are usually got by their parents and use in self-interest. Also, abandoned children are one of the reasons why the number of illiterate children increases. Their family hates and dislikes them. After that they were abandoned, they go to other places to seek food. They are mostly found in streets, overpass, and plaza or outside the malls and fast-food.
            Involuntary prostitution is one of the effects of illiteracy. They are lack interest in studying, but they are the victims especially the teenagers because do not know from the start that the person recruits them has a bad intention. Sadly, others are hooked on gambling. They use to play illegal cards and cockfighting. Thus they earn more money but they preserve their selves in doing crimes or illegal to have money
            Others are will rather to work than wasting their time in schools. They have seen that even in a college graduate is jobless is jobless or construction laborers or utility boys.
            The last common effects of poverty are insufficient of food and nutrients. Many Filipino’s lived without adequate food. The worst most are skipping meals, or even the children are going to sleep without eating. It’s because they can’t afford to buy nutritious food that needed by their body. They eat mostly dried fish and rice. As a result, their body id thin and they easily get sick. There are no enough nutrients to support for the remaining of standard activities of the body. Because of this our health will be affected. The disease will occur to our body like ulcer. This disease can get if a person has no proper way of eating notorious foods.
            For example, wife is pregnant about four months. She knows that she has a low immune system because of their poor situation. Her husband has no permanent ob. Thus the wife can’t eat nutritious food and fruits well. The salary of his husband is enough to buy their basic needs. They can’t go for check-up if what’s the situation of the baby. Whenever the baby born, there is possibility that if h or she grows, her or her immune system is low too. Her or his mother can give a constant care but fewer budgets for the food, milk and daily supplements. In fact, it is needed that during the first three months of the baby, it will undergo in many check-ups and feeding. The baby has its personal doctor to observe the situation. They are the ones who help the family on how to make their children strong and energetic.
            Due to this situation, children are more affected. They are suffering in hungriness because of the high prices of goods. Our government is helping especially street children’s who can’t eat. It is the priority of the leaders to feed them and give proper health care and protection.
            Hungriness in our country is by large and by large. We are tired to think if what menu we will going to eat that can give us  more  energy. If our body can’t take nutritious food, it may lead going to eat that can give us more energy. If our body can’t take nutritious food, it many lead to disease which
Is another problem that exists.


Scavenging juniors. A common sight to see among the uneducated in a poverty-stricken country.

III. Conclusion
           
Many Filipino’s shouts if what’s the solution of poverty. They mostly curse our political leaders in budgeting  of taxes that we paid.
            In fact , there a solution on how to stop the widespread poverty. “The administration have claimed that agriculture is the backbone of our economy” according to Jose V. Romero Jr. And I agree that because our country is the source of fruits, vegetable and other plants that can be sold in other countries, for the people, it is useful to them for their living because it can help lesser their expenses. They can harvest their fruits or vegetable and deliver it to market. So the family can survive in hungriness because of their efforts. Yes, effort. This is the word is we need right now. People in our society are lazy. They want to earn money in easy way. They join in robbery gang, snatching and pick pocketing. But this person is usually imprisoned. The PHP taskforce are security for peace to prevent crimes that commonly happened.
            Our government can help us in providing jobs. It is the big solution for the who suffer in poverty. For parents they can earn for the future of their children. They can sent their sons and daughter  in schools to gain knowledge. Their children will grow literate and can socialize to others. As the year ages by they will live stable and far from hungriness.
            Nowadays, many students grab the opportunity to work. They apply in fast-food, malls. Restaurants and call centers to earn for the next opening class. They use their time wisely for the sake of their dreams. Some of them apply as a working student on their school. They are the ones who help their selves because they know that their parents can’t give enough financial for them.
            Another common issue in our country is about corruption. If this a problem prevents, our country will improved and become progress. The text that we pay is the biggest which leaders get. They used it for their self-interest. For how many millions up billions of pesos they get from us. If this problem avoid, many public sectors of our country are going to help the poor because they are loyal to their work.
           
IV.  Bibliography

. Romero Jr.  Jose V..“The face of Philippine poverty”.Manila Times.13 July 200.3B
.”The challenges of poverty”.Manila Standard. 23 March 2002:p.13
.Saguisang, Rene. “Feeding the hungry”.Manila Times.27 March 2007. A4
.Dr. Gregorio S. Miranda.“Introductory Economics”.3rd Revised Ed. Philippines:1983
.Dr. Custodiosa A. Sanchez and Fe B. Agpaoa.Contemporary Social Problems
 And Issue.3rd Ed.Philippines:1997
.Marques Jr., Carlos. “Classes start, but need to earn a living keeps children out of    school”.Nation Today.6 March 2001
.Dr. Corazon and PB Claudio.“ How to break the cycle of poverty”.Philippine Daily Inquirer.7 
Oct. 2002.Q3


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