Sunday, May 1, 2011

IELTS Vocabulary Part 2

money given by government: a grant or gift of money from a government to a private company, organization, or charity to help it to function
maximum permitted number or amount: a maximum number or quantity that is permitted or needed
proportional share: a proportional share of something that somebody should contribute or receive

subject to controls: subject to controls or limits, e.g. of time or availability

risk-taking businessperson: somebody who initiates or finances new commercial enterprises

Cottage Industry  
small home-based business: a small-scale business involving people who mostly work at home

characteristic of rule by men: 
relating to or characteristic of a culture in which men are the most powerful members

do something again: to make an identical version of something repeatedly and exactly, or do something again in exactly the same way
physical skill: ease and skill in physical movement, especially in using the hands and manipulating objects

place somebody in lower rank: to give somebody or regard somebody as having a lower rank or status than another

leading position: the most prominent, important, active, or responsible position in something

giving aid to cause: active verbal support for a cause or position

nearly: almost, but not quite

found frequently: occurring, accepted or practiced commonly or widely

shortage: an inadequate supply of something necessary, especially a nutrient

proclamation: announcement, decree, statement, pronouncement, endorsement

set of things for use together: a set of articles, tools, or equipment used for a particular purpose

death rate: the number of deaths that occur at a specific time, in a specific group, or from a specific cause

occurrence of disease: the relative frequency of occurrence of a disease

Immune system    
system that recognizes and opposes disease: the interacting combination of all the body's ways of recognizing cells, tissues, objects, and organisms that are not part of itself, and initiating the immune response to fight them
existing or happening in many places, or affecting many people

enhancement: improvement, upgrading, augmentation, amelioration, development, supplementation

feasible quality: the degree to which something can be achieved or put into effect (often used before a noun)

add ingredients to something: to add further ingredients to food or drink in order to improve its flavor or add nutrients (usually passive)
change: divergence, variation, modification, broadening, branching out, expansion

act of eating or drinking: the eating or drinking of something, or the amount that somebody eats or drinks
 act of using something up: the use of natural resources or fuels, or the amount of resources or fuels used

able to be maintained: able to be maintained
maintaining ecological balance: exploiting natural resources without destroying the ecological balance of an area

nutrient needed in tiny amounts: a substance that an organism requires for normal growth and development but only in very small quantities, e.g. a vitamin or mineral

work with others: to work with another person or group in order to achieve something

make something certain: to make sure that something will happen or be available

action affecting another's affairs: the act of intervening, especially a deliberate entry into a situation or dispute in order to influence events or prevent undesirable consequences

High yielding        
abundant: crops that produces a lot

very great: extremely large, powerful, or great

basic ingredient of diet: a food that forms the basis of the diet of the people of a region or of an animal

take advantage of somebody: to take selfish or unfair advantage of a person or situation, usually for personal gain
use something for benefit: to use or develop something in order to gain a benefit

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